The youthful hunchback formation, caused by growth disorders, is called Scheuermann’s disease. It is estimated that every fourth child suffers from Scheuermann’s disease, but in most cases it is so moderate that it is only discovered by chance. In more severe cases, the end plates of the vertebral bodies in the area of the thoracic spine are attacked, band material migrates and the remaining intervertebral disc between the vertebrae becomes thinner and thinner. This can lead to later blockages of the vertebral bodies. Patients often have symptoms such as a heart attack, for example persistent chest pain, chest pressure and shortness of breath.
A “back-friendly” life is the best prevention against Scheuermann’s disease. Children should move sufficiently and not sit the whole day at the PC or in front of the television. The abdominal, gluteal and back muscles are automatically trained during movement and support the spine. However, growth disorders due to overexertion can also occur under excessive sporting stress during growth age.
If minor interventions do not help, an intensive physiotherapeutic exercise treatment is necessary. Among other things, physical measures such as breaststroke are used to treat Scheuermann’s disease. Orthoses (technical aids such as insoles or corsets, manufactured by an orthopaedic technician) for the spinal column are only rarely used for Scheuermann’s disease, and surgical interventions are also rarely performed today.